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IFSC Code: The Indian Financial System Code (also known as IFSC) is an unique 11 character code for identifying the bank and branch which an account is held. The IFSC code is used by the NEFT, RTGS and IMPS finance transfer systems.Indian Financial System Code or IFSC is a 11 character code used in India for domestic inter-bank money transfer. This alpha numeric code uniquely identifies the bank branch participating in NEFT and RTGS payment systems.
Most financial institution use the NEFT system as it is managed and promoted by Reserve Bank of India (RBI - India's Central Bank). The first 4 characters of IFSC Code represent the bank, and the last 6 numbers represent the branch of that bank.The 5th character is 0 (zero) and is reserved for future use. To initiate money transfer, you need to provide the IFSC code of the receiver's bank branch. This code is used by the NEFT system to identify the destination bank branch and also to route the messages appropriately to the concerned banks and branches.
NEFT Transfers: National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) is a nation-wide system that facilitates individuals, firms and corporates to electronically transfer funds from any bank branch to any individual, firm or corporate having an account with any other bank branch in the country. NEFT transfers are also referred as e-cheques as the funds are not transferred in real-time and the funds are settled in batches.National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) is India's electronic payment system facilitating one-to-one funds transfer.
Individuals, firms and corporates can electronically transfer funds from any bank branch to any individual, firm or corporate having an account with any other bank branch in the country. There is no limit – either minimum or maximum – on the amount of funds that could be transferred using NEFT.NEFT fund transfer system is the most secure and cost effective way to transfer money in India with no fees for receiver and very low fee for the sender (it is among the lowest for domestic interbank transfer across the world). Apart from that, it is also very fast with funds crediting in the receiver's account in around 1-4hrs after initiating the transfer.
RTGS Transfers: 'RTGS' stands for Real Time Gross Settlement, which can be defined as the continuous (real-time) settlement of funds transfers individually on an order by order basis (without netting). You need the IFSC Code to identify the Branch for which you will want to transfer funds using RTGS. Note all branches don't have IFSC Codes.RTGS (Real Time Gross Settlement) system is a real-time inter-bank money transfer method for transferring money within India.
RTGS is primarily meant for large value transactions and the minimum amount to be remitted through RTGS is Rs. 2 lakh. There is no upper ceiling for RTGS transactions. For this reason, it is usually used by corporates who need to transfer large sums of money in real time to meet various payment needs. RTGS is also most cost effective and secure way to transfer the money instantaneously to the receiver's bank account.
IMPS Transfers: 'IMPS' is Immediate Payment Service and it is commonly known as Interbank Mobile Payment Service. IMPS uses IFSC codes to offer a number of fund transfer services instantly in a round the clock environment.Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) is an instant payment inter-bank electronic funds transfer system in India. IMPS offers an inter-bank electronic fund transfer service through mobile phones. Unlike NEFT and RTGS, the service is available 24/7 throughout the year including bank holidays.
It is managed by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) and is built upon the existing National Financial Switch network. In 2010, the NPCI initially carried out a pilot for the mobile payment system with 4 member banks (State Bank of India, Bank of India, Union Bank of India and ICICI Bank), and expanded it to include Yes Bank, Axis Bank and HDFC Bank later that year. IMPS was publicly launched on November 22, 2010. Currently, there are 53 commercial banks, 101 Rural/District/Urban and cooperative banks, and 24 PPIi signed up for the IMPS service.
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Analysis of Financial Ratios
NIM (Net Interest Margin): Net interest margin (NIM) is a measure of the difference between the interest income generated by banks or other financial institutions and the amount of interest paid out to their lenders (for example, deposits), relative to the amount of their (interest-earning) assets. Thus, it also has high correlation to interest spread and thus impacts profitability of the bank. NIM of Andhra Bank is 2.77 which is greater than the average of all public sector banks but less than average NIM of all banks in India. This indicates that the bank is doing well as compared to an average PSB in India but lagging among all banks in India.
COF (Cost of Funds): Cost of funds for a bank is the average interest rate paid to depositors on financial products such as savings account, current account, and fixed deposits etc. Lower CoF is better for banks as it will increase profitability. COF of Andhra Bank is 7.13 which is poorer than the average among PSBs as well as poorer than average CoF of all banks.
Return on Advances: Return on advances indicates the average interest rate at which the bank lends money to the borrowers. Higher return of advances is better for higher profitability of the bank (however, higher interest rates also indicate risky assests). So this ratio should be read along with NPA Ratio for better understanding about the bank.
Return on Equity (ROE): Return on equity is the measure of bank's profitability. Higher the better. [RoE = Net Profit / Total Equity].
CRAR: Capital to Risk-Weighted Assets Ratio (also known as Capital Adequacy Ratio is the ratio of bank's capital to its risk. This ratio is also monitored by RBI for all banks and higher value indicates higher stability for a bank. CRAR of Andhra Bank is 11.76 which is less than group average among PSBs and also less than average of all banks.
NPA Ratio: Non Performing Assets refer to loans that are in jeopardy of default. Once the borrower has failed to make interest or principal payments for 90 days the loan is considered to be a non-performing asset. Thus, NPA Ratio = [Non Perforing Assets/Total Assets]. Higher NPA Ratio indicates riskiness of the bank and losses as it may result in write downs. If you are investing in a bank, be aware to check this ratio carefully. NPA Ratio of Andhra Bank is 2.45 which is high and it is poorer than average NPA of PSBs as well as average NPA of all banks.